Derbyshire LGBT+ are pleased to announce that we now have a dedicated LGBT+ Hate Crime Advocate. If you have been a victim of a Hate Crime, we can provide specialist support.
WHAT IS A HATE CRIME?
A Hate Crime is any crime that is targeted at a person because of hostility or prejudice towards that person’s:
- Race or ethnicity
- Religion or belief
- Sexual orientation
- Gender identity
- The way someone dresses or how they look
Only five of the above characteristics are monitored by the Home Office: disability, race or ethnicity, religion or belief, sexual orientation and gender identity. Some police forces monitor hate crimes relating to age.
The definition of hate crime was first formulated in 1998. Hate crime based on someone’s gender identity was added in 2003. The reporting and recording of hate crimes is supported by Section 145 (race and religion) and Section 146 (disability, sexual orientation and gender identity) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003. Reporting must also take into account Article 8 of the Human Rights Act which provides a right to respect for one’s “private and family life, his home and his correspondence”, subject to certain restrictions that are “in accordance with law” and “necessary in a democratic society”.
A victim does not have to be a member of the group at which the hostility is targeted. If the perpetrator perceives that the victim is a member of a particular group, then a hate crime can occur. This means that anyone can be the victim of a hate crime. Hate crimes can be committed against a person or their property.
Intersectionality – belonging to two or more of the above groups – can present a problem for police and other agencies when recording a hate crime or signposting a victim to the appropriate support service(s).
Reporting hate crime at dlgbt+
At Derbyshire LGBT+, we operate a person-centred approach to the reporting of hate crime. If the person reporting the crime belongs to more than one of the groups listed above, they can report the crime to us and self-identify which group(s) they belong to.
One in six hate crime offences result in a
suspect being charged or a witness being
summonsed to appear in court.
About 14,500 hate crime prosecutions took place in 2016/17. That is down 7% compared to the previous year. Part of this is due to the number of cases being referred to the Crown Prosecution Service by the Home Office falling in the year 2015/16.
That said, hate crime convictions are leading to harsher sentences. When people are convicted of hate crimes the CPS can apply for what’s called an ‘uplift’ to increase the sentence. In 2016/17, more than half of hate crimes successfully prosecuted by the CPS involved an uplift.
The number of hate crimes in England and Wales has increased by 29%, according to Home Office statistics.
There were 80,393 offences in 2016-17, compared with 62,518 in 2015-16 – the largest increase since the Home Office began recording figures in 2011-12.
The biggest rise was in disability and transgender hate crimes, but this was due to better crime recording and more people coming forward, according to the Home Office.
There was a spike in hate crime around the time of the EU referendum.
There were also rises after the Westminster Bridge, Manchester Arena and London Bridge attacks this year.
Disability or transgender hate crimes increased by 53% and 45% respectively, but the majority of hate crimes were racially motivated.
Regarding disability, transgender and sexual orientation hate crimes, the Home Office report said the rise “suggests that the increases are due to the police improving their identification and recording of hate crime offences and more people coming forward to report these crimes – rather than a genuine increase”.
- 62,685 (78%) were race hate crimes
- 9,157 (11%) were sexual orientation hate crimes
- 5,949 (7%) were religious hate crimes
- 5,558 (7%) were disability hate crimes
- 1,248 (2%) were transgender hate crimes
Some crimes were recorded as having more than one motivating factor.
WHY SHOULD I REPORT HATE CRIME?
Many incidents can and do go unreported sometimes out of fear that things will get worse or with the person reporting not understanding what will happen after a report has been made.
There are also occasions where a victim may not realise that they (or someone they know) are the target of a hate crime or incident.
Reporting can be a difficult process. However, at Derbyshire LGBT+ we are committed to supporting any victim of hate crime who reports directly to us or is referred to us by the police. Ours is a confidential service with information only being passed on to the police with the victim’s consent unless there is a safeguarding issue concerning that person or if children are at risk of harm or abuse.
Hate crimes can also be reported anonymously. In these cases, details will be collated and analysed to help monitor prevalence of incidents that take place as well as any other patterns that may be evident. Appropriate support will, of course, be offered as required or requested.
‘HATE CRIME’ AND ‘MATE CRIME’
Mate crime involves befriending a person in order to abuse them. This is usually linked to hate crimes aimed at people with a learning disability; however, we recognise that potentially anyone can be the victim of ‘mate crime’. Mate crime does not start with bullying, but it can become bullying. It often happens in private and is not seen by others. Mate Crime can also happen online.
WHAT CAN I EXPECT FROM DERBYSHIRE LGBT+ AFTER REPORTING A HATE CRIME INCIDENT?
You will be given a safe space and a designated member of staff who is responsible for recording incidents of hate crime. You will be given as much time as you need.
Everything you report will be recorded accurately. You will be able to see the information that is recorded, and you will be given the opportunity to add to or amend it as necessary.
Your report will be stored appropriately and in full compliance with the new GDPR. You will be able to access your report by contacting Derbyshire LGBT+.
Nothing will be shared with the police without your consent.
You will be signposted to relevant services within Derbyshire. Where appropriate and necessary, initial contact with the relevant service will be made on your behalf.
A follow-up email and/or telephone call will be offered. This will be offered only if consent is given.
How can I report hate crime?
¨ In an emergency call 999 or 112
¨ Non-emergency: 0345 123 33 33
¨ Phone DLGBT+ on 01332 207704
¨ Come in to the centre on Bramble Street and talk face-to-face with John
¨ True Vision via report-it.org.uk
¨ Stop Hate UK 0800 138 1625
¨ Call Crimestoppers on 0800 555111
¨ Victim support 0800 612 6505
To find out more about how we can support you contact John at [email protected]